South Africa is also known as the Rainbow Nation, a name given by Archbishop Desmond Tutu, once a Nobel Peace prize winner. Over the centuries different groups of people have entered South Africa to inhabit the area, making the country become “one nation” with a great diversity of people, cultures and languages.
South Africa is also home to a variety of breathtaking landscapes and beautiful nature, ranging from dramatic mountains, sandy beaches, wide plains, rocky cliffs to the most colourful flowers. In all, there is so much to see and do, so many people and tribes to meet, different dishes to eat, activities to experience and animals to observe, it can take a while to get to know the true and real identity of the country.
South Africa was already a favourite tourist destination, but after the country successfully organised the 2014 Fifa World Cup Soccer, it was put high on a lot of people’s “spots to visit” list. Before visiting a country, it is always nice to get know some random facts apart from the usual tourist information. These facts can enhance your visit, or they might just be good to know, or just add up to someone’s general knowledge.
We’ve listed some random, amazing and fun facts of South Africa which we thought would be interesting to know, some of them you might have heard of, some might be new.
13 Facts most people don’t know about South Africa
- The highest commercial bridge bungee jump in the world can be done in South Africa. In the heart of the Garden Route, the bridge is situated 216 metres above the Bloukrans river. This bridge forms part of the N2 highway connecting Cape Town with Durban. Therefore the bridge receives quite some heavy traffic, which is noticeable when standing under the bridge ready to jump.
- When asking someone to name the capital of South Africa, most people will answer Johannesburg. Even if it is the largest and financially most important city in South Africa, the answer is not correct. South Africa has in fact 3 official capital cities. Pretoria is the administrative, Bloemfontein the judicial and Cape Town the legislative capital of South Africa.
- The first ever heart transplant was carried out in South Africa, at the Groote Schuur hospital in Cape Town. The surgeon Christiaan Barnard performed the operation in 1967. The operation was considered to be successful, even though the patient died 18 days later, from double pneumonia, but his body had not rejected the heart.
- Meandering through various wine-growing areas, Route 62 is the longest wine route in the world. It is a beautiful and scenic route, passing through areas such as the Klein Karoo, Robertson, Wellington, Calitzberg, Worcester and Oudtshoorn (where it is possible to ride an ostrich). The route stretches over a distance of about 850 km between Cape Town and Port Elizabeth as an alternative and highly recommendable route instead of the N2 highway.
Wine estate house on Route 62
- South Africa is home to the second highest waterfall in the world, the Tugela Falls. The total drop is 948 metres (3110 ft.) in five consecutive leaps, of which the longest uninterrupted leap is 411 metres (1350 ft.). The Tugela falls are part of the Royal Natal National Park in the Drakensberg mountains.
Drakensberg mountains – home to Tugela Falls
- Where in the world can you share a warm and sunny beach with a colony of penguins? Indeed, in South Africa. Various breeding colonies of African penguins, also known as the Jackass penguin, can be found along the western coast of South Africa. The most famous place to visit these birds is in Boulders beach, close to Simon’s town, south of Cape Town.
African penguin on Boulders beach
- With over 6 million trees, Johannesburg is considered to have the “largest man-made forest” in the world. Since the area of Johannesburg was originally grassland, all the trees were planted to provide wood for the growing mine industry in the 19th century. However, there are many discussions whether Johannesburg can officially claim this title, and if the trees in a city can be considered to be a forest. Urban myth or not, the city can definitely claim the title for being one of the most wooded cities in the world.
- South Africa has 11 official languages; Afrikaans, English, Zulu, Xhosa, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, Swazi, Tsonga, Tswana and Venda. The most spoken language is Zulu, followed by Xhosa, which are also the 2 largest tribes in the country. However, English is considered to be the main language and is widely spoken throughout the country by most people.
- Vilakazi Street in Soweto, Johannesburg is the only street in the world which can claim the title of having had 2 Nobel Peace Prize winners as residents; The late ex President Nelson Mandela and Archbishop Desmond Tutu.
- The world’s oldest and largest one day ultra-marathon is run in the province of Kwazulu Natal over a distance of 89 km between Durban and Pietermaritzburg. The Comrades Marathon started in 1921 as a commemoration of the south african soldiers killed during the first world war. The participants have 12 hours to complete the marathon, for a medal.
- The Blyde River Canyon is the third largest canyon in the world, but considered to be the largest “green” one. The best way to visit and view the canyon is via the Panorama route on your way to the Kruger National Park.
- The naturally caffeine-free Rooibos tea (Redbush) only grows in the Cederberg area in the Western Cape province. Rooibos tea became very popular after dozens of scientific studies promoted the health benefits of drinking this tea.
- And last but not least, it is possible to go skiing/snowboarding during the winter months of June, July and August. Tiffendell ski resort started in 1993 and is located in the Drakensberg mountains of the Eastern Cape province at a height of 2720 metres above sea level. It’s a small resort compared to the ones in the northern hemisphere, 2 pistes of only 500m each, but it does claim to have the highest bar in South Africa, although this is often disputed. There are only 2 other ski resorts in Africa, 1 in Lesotho and the other in Morocco.
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For more information about travelling in South Africa, the lonely planet has very useful information. This is the latest version which came out in November 2015.
Do you know any more fun and interesting facts about South Africa?